Abstract: Within the scope of the present study, the marble cutting waste, which is an industrial waste of different sizes (< 75 µm and < 150 µm), was incorporated into the clay structure at various rates and a total of 36 series bricks were produced. The brick mixtures were prepared by the semi-dry molding method and the brick specimens were sintered for three temperatures (850 °C, 950 °C, and 1050 °C). The fired bricks containing marble cutting waste with a lower particle size (75 µm) have higher compressive strength. However, all samples produced can meet the relevant standard requirements in terms of compressive strength. Thermal conductivity decreased from 1.008 to 0.775 W/mK with the incorporation of marble cutting waste, a decrease of approximately 23.11%. The effects of grain size, firing temperature, and marble cutting waste concentration on the quadratic model were statistically determined by variance analysis (ANOVA). According to statistical findings, the order of importance of design factors for brick properties (except for compressive strength) is marble cutting waste > firing temperature > particle size. For compressive strength, the most dominant factor is amount of marble cutting waste, followed by particle size and firing temperature, respectively. Consequently, the results suggest that marble cutting waste does not need to be reduced to smaller particle sizes to improve the fired clay brick properties.