Abstract: Textile materials play an important role to protect from heat and cold or maintain thermal comfort and decrease temperature variations that can be caused by external elements such as changing environmental conditions, fire, etc. To address needs related to thermal performance evaluation or characterization, various standard test methods are available, such as the clo test, the sweating guarded hot-plate, thermal heat loss, and thermal protective performance. Other test methods such as calorimetry and thermal effusivity are discussed as well. An overview of thermal or sweating thermal manikins is also presented.
Keywords – Thermal properties, Textile materials, Thermal comfort, Temperature variations, Thermal effusivity