Ceramic glass foam/foams (CGF) from two different F-class fly ashes were produced via a well-known simple conventional sintering method using sodium silicate (Na₂SiO₃) as a foaming and fluxing agent. The research aimed to understand the effects of each fly ash, Na₂SiO₃ ratio, and sintering conditions on the properties and microstructure to produce a commercial CGF of low thermal conductivity. The chemical composition of fly ash from the thermal power plants of Tunçbilek and Seyit¨omer were quite similar but had different melting temperatures and microstructures. While the foam structure was successfully obtained at 1100 ◦C with 30 wt.% Na₂SiO₃ from Tunçbilek fly ash, a similar structure was obtained at 1150 ◦C from the Seyitömer fly ash. The effects of Na2SiO3 content and sintering temperature on the properties and microstructure of the CGF from the Tunçbilek fly ash of a lower melting point, in particular, were investigated systematically. The optimal sintering temperatures were determined to be 1200, 1150, and 1100 ◦C at the highest fly ash ratios of 90, 80 and 70 wt.%, respectively. The CGF were produced with 69.76–75.43% porosity, 0.55–0.69 gr/cm³ bulk density, 3.2–5.35 MPa compressive strength and 0.10–0.21 W/(m K) of low thermal conductivity. XRD results showed that optimal CGF samples mainly contained spinel, quartz and hematite crystal phases and amorphous phase. In this research, a thermal insulation material was successfully produced using an industrial waste completely with a well-known simple method. It is thought that this will contribute beneficially to the environment and the economy.
Submit the form below to access the download: