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Thermoelectric Properties of Nanocomposite Thin Films Prepared with Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs), either single wall carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) or multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWNTs), can improve the thermoelectric properties of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT : PSS), but it requires addition of 30–40 wt% CNTs. We report that the figure of merit (ZT) value of PEDOT : PSS thin film for thermoelectric property is increased about 10 times by incorporating 2 wt% of graphene. PEDOT : PSS thin films containing 1, 2, 3 wt% graphene are prepared by solution spin coating method. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and Raman spectroscopy analyses identified the strong π–π interactions which facilitated the dispersion between graphene and PEDOT : PSS. The uniformly distributed graphene increased the interfacial area by 2–10 times as compared with CNT based on the same weight. The power factor and ZT value of PEDOT : PSS thin film containing 2 wt% graphene was 11.09 μW mK−2 and 2.1 × 10−2, respectively. This enhancement arises from the facilitated carrier transfer between PEDOT : PSS and graphene as well as the high electron mobility of graphene (200 000 cm2 V−1 s−1). Furthermore the porous structure of the thin film decreases the thermal conductivity resulting in a high ZT value, which is higher by 20% than that for a PEDOT : PSS thin film containing 35 wt% SWNTs.

This paper highlights application of the C-Therm TCi Thermal Conductivity Analyzer

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