Cement & Concrete
Energy demands continue to rise as a result of increasing population and urbanization. Maintaining a comfortable indoor temperature accounts for a significant portion of energy use worldwide, and innovative new insulative and efficient materials for building structures are at the forefront of energy conservation.
Cement and concrete play major roles in the construction industry and researchers are seeking ways of creating better materials that provide high levels of insulation without sacrificing structural strength. Thermal conductivity is critical in the development of these materials as lower thermal conductivity values correlate to better insulative systems. With the TCi, testing thermal conductivity of concrete is easy, as sample sizes do not need to be adjusted and can be tested in a matter of seconds.
Chemical Retreating for Gel-Typed Aerogel and Insulation Performance of Cement Containing Aerogel
This case highlights research into more insulative building materials by mixing aerogels with cement for better thermal performance. Aerogel is an extremely insulative material with a stated value of less than 0.03 W/mK in pure form.
Thermal conductivity results of the mixed samples tested with the TCi are shown in the graph below. Increasing weight % of aerogel content directly related to a reduction in thermal conductivity of the cured cement composite. Treating of 2.0 weight % aerogel saw a thermal conductivity decrease of over 75%.
Source:Kim, S., Seo, J., Cha, J., & Kim, S. (2012). Chemical retreating for gel-typed aerogel and insulation performance of cement containing aerogel. Construction and Building Materials, 501-505.