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Influence of Thermo-Pressing Conditions on Insulation Materials from Bamboo Fibers and Bone Glue

Reducing energy consumption for future buildings using bio-based insulation materials is currently one of the most attractive research pursuits. The specific purpose of this research was to optimize thermo-pressing conditions for new low-environmental-impact bio-insulation fiberboards from bamboo fibers and protein-based bone glues. The microstructure, thermal insulation, water sensitivity, and mechanical properties of these fi- berboards were investigated in this study. As illustrated by the results, protein-based bone glue acts as a good internal binder for bamboo fiberboards when 30% (w/w) of glue was added and elaborated under specific thermo-pressing conditions (150 kgf/cm2, 160 °C) during 15 min. Indeed, this board presents the best mechanical properties and water resistance due to the effective adhesion of the proteins. The thermal conductivity of all the fiberboards is in a low range, between 0.0582 and 0.0812 (W.m−1 K−1) at 57% RH and 25 °C, and it changes according to relative humidity levels and moisture content variation. The bamboo fibers have great potential for buildings thermal insulation with a thermal conductivity below 0.082 Wm−1 K−1.

This paper highlights application of the C-Therm TCi Thermal Conductivity Analyzer.

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