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Hygrothermal Properties of Bio-insulation Building Materials based on Bamboo Fibers and Bio-glues

This study focuses on manufacturing by thermo-pressing new low-environmental-impact bio-insulation fiberboards from bamboo fibers and bone glue, modified with sodium lignosulfonate. The aims are to measure moisture buffer value, water vapor permeability, bending properties, thermal conductivity and vapor sorption isotherms of these materials. The moisture buffer values of these materials belong to the “excellent” category, ranging from 2.5 to 3.9 g/(m2.%RH), higher than the value for bamboo fiberboard without glue (1.7 g/(m2.%RH). The water vapor diffusion resistance factor ranges from 8 to 17, which is similar with other fiber insulation materials. The bending properties show a significant improvement when 30% (w/w) glue is used, the glue being a mixture between bone and sodium lignosulfonate glues. Moreover, the variation in thermal conductivity of the fiberboards with relative humidity and moisture content is investigated to evaluate the hygrothermal performance of the fiberboards. The results are promising for both thermal insulation and moisture buffering, thus these fiberboards could be used for passive control of indoor environment.

This paper highlights application of the C-Therm TCi Thermal Conductivity Analyzer.

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